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During the first 2 weeks after release, the risk of death among former inmates was The leading causes of death among former inmates were drug overdose, cardiovascular disease, homicide, and suicide.

Hayward Tuberculosis in London: High levels of infectious and drug resistant disease, poor adherence and loss to follow-up care indicate that TB is not effectively controlled among homeless people, prisoners and problem drug users in London.

Bernice Simone Elger Insomnia in places of detention: This paper provides a brief overview of what is known about insomnia and its treatment from studies on non-detained patients and discusses the relevance of the findings from studies in liberty for prison health care. The clinical and ethical issues of insomnia in prison are described, followed by a summary of the existing studies on insomnia in prison. The results of the reported studies show that insomnia in places of detention should not be reduced to a secondary problem related to substance abuse and mental illness, as it appears to be an independent situational problem.

Correctional health care physicians' evaluation of insomnia is insufficient. Drug prescription works well in some patients, but has a limited effect on insomnia relief in others. A clear need exists for the education of prison health care professionals on insomnia evaluation and management.

Additional non-pharmacological treatment in the prison health care setting should be used more frequently. Prison health care services should develop clear guidelines based on research evidence about insomnia and which contain treatment recommendations based [ Nick de Viggiani Unhealthy prisons: Prison health may therefore be better understood with greater insight into how people respond to imprisonment — the psychological pressures of incarceration, the social world of prison, being dislocated from society, and the impact of the institution itself with its regime and architecture.

L'esecuzione della pena detentiva e la ricostruzione sistematica della nozione di gravità delle condizioni del detenuto. Rassegna penitenziaria e criminologica, n. Paul Hayton, John Boyington. Previously it was characterized by overmedicalization, difficulties in staff recruitment, and a lack of professional development for staff. As a result of this reorganization, funding has improved and services now relate more to assessed health need.

There is early but limited evidence that some standards of care and patient outcomes have improved. The reforms address a human rights issue: We consider learning points for other countries which may be contemplating prison health reform, particularly those with a universal health care system.

Mais plusieurs catégories de détenus posent des problèmes particuliers qui nécessitent des efforts spécifiques de prise en charge La prison est de plus en plus un lieu confronté à la maladie mentale. La prison est aussi cause de maladie et de mort: Local law may require medical monitoring of the hunger strike and the status of a particular hunger striker can also influence the attention given to that person.

Physicians may have to balance objective medical observations with pragmatic face-saving situations, in order to buy time for essential negotiations to produce results. They must avoid pandering to any particular interest group by giving medical information or advice that is scientifically questionable or inaccurate. Seena Fazel, Ram Benning. Natural deaths in male prisoners: Although morbidity is high in prisoners compared with the general population, uncertainty exists over rates for natural causes of death.

We investigated natural deaths in prisons in England and Wales over a year period. All men who died in English and Welsh prisons from — were identified.

All deaths received a post-mortem. Death certificates were obtained to provide mortality information according to ICD There are important methodological challenges in calculating SMRs in prisoners.

Bearing these in mind, we found increased mortality ratios for respiratory pneumonia and other infections. These findings highlight the need for the screening and effective treatment of infectious diseases in prisoners. The human right to the highest attainable standard of health: Both are animated by the well-being of individuals and populations. In both communities, many have a particular preoccupation with discrimination and disadvantage. While human rights violations often lead to higher morbidity and mortality, health programmes have a crucial contribution to make towards the realization of human rights.

Increasingly, health and human rights professionals are recognizing their common interests and mutually reinforcing goals. In his report to Congress in the rates were unchanged and half of the prison mortalities were attributed to tuberculosis. One hundred years later and despite the widespread availability of modern diagnostics, knowledge about containment, and multi-drug regimens for communicable disease some American prisons remain incubators of this same scourge.

Too little attention is being paid to inmates as public health sentinels. Too little attention is paid to preventing, diagnosing, and treating conditions that can poison life for families and members of the free-world society. Rick Lines From equivalence of standards to equivalence of objectives: The entitlement of prisoners to health care standards higher than those outside prisons International Journal of Prisoner Health, December ; 2 4: The article argues it is time to move beyond the concept of equivalent standards of health care, and instead promote standards that achieve equivalent objectives.

In some circumstances, meeting this new standard will require that the scope and accessibility of prison health services are higher than that outside of prisons. L'esecuzione della pena detentiva e la ricostruzione sistematica della nozione di gravità delle condizioni di salute del detenuto Rassegna Penitenziaria e Criminologica, Numero 3 - Il carcere come salubre fabbrica della malattia Rassegna Penitenziaria e Criminologica, Numero 1 - Prison public health is becoming increasingly important to our society as growing numbers of men and women are incarcerated and later released.

Numerous studies indicate that the prison population has a higher risk of certain infectious diseases and a higher rate of mental illness than the general population. Two community leaders, Dr Melanie Spector in the area of public health and Judge Steven Leifman in the judicial system, have addressed the vital issues of womens health and mental illness, respectively.

Their efforts have had a positive impact both on prisoners themselves and on the overall health of their communities. Many other visits concerned common problems that in other circumstances would not require any physician intervention. The most probable explanations for the substantial use of primary care in prison are the health status many similarities noted between health problems at the admission and reasons for consultations during the prison term: Michael Marmot Social determinants of health inequalities www.

There is no necessary biological reason why life expectancy should be 48 years longer in Japan than in Sierra Leone or 20 years shorter in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples than in other Australians. Reducing these social inequalities in health, and thus meeting human needs, is an issue of social justice. The prison population is increasing and the health problems of prisoners are considerable.

Prison is designed with punishment, correction and rehabilitation to the community in mind and these goals may conflict with the aims of health care. A literature review showed that the main issues in prison health care are mental health, substance abuse and communicable diseases. Women prisoners and older prisoners have needs which are distinct from other prisoners. Health promotion and the health of the community outside prisons are desirable aims of prison health care.

The delivery of effective health care to prisoners is dependent upon partnership between health and prison services and telemedicine is one possible mode of delivery. While a host of professional ethical codes would support involvement in the debate over the detentions, one need go no further than the Declaration of Professional Responsibility: Ministère de la santé et de la protection sociale Ministère de la justice Guide methodogique relatif a la prise en charge sanitaire des personnes detenues www.

Jennifer Prah Ruger Ethics of the social determinants of health www. Etat des lieux national www. Pour mieux connaître la situation et faire face à ces problèmes, des études épidémiologiques ont été menées. Nous ferons état dans ce document de divers travaux menés depuis 10 ans sur la santé des détenus Global Assessment Programme on Drug Abuse www. Ethical challenges in drug epidemiology: The main objectives of GAP are to help countries to a collect reliable and internationally comparable data on drug abuse; b build capacity at the local level to collect data that can guide demand reduction activities; and c improve cross-national, regional and global reporting on drug trends.

Tribunale di Sorveglianza di Torino Dott. Paolo Gibelli, Presidente Dott. Fabio Fiorentin, Giudice di Sorveglianza.

Ordinanza 13 gennaio [ Alternativa tra differimento della pena e detenzione domiciliare Nel caso in esame, le obiettive conseguenze invalidanti delle patologie che interessano il detenuto ne comprimono irrimediabilmente la possibilità di percepire il contenuto rieducativo della pena nonché di partecipare alle attività trattamentali proposte dagli educatori, di tal che, nella fattispecie, la finalità di reinserimento sociale della pena appare del tutto compromessa.

Conseguentemente la prosecuzione della detenzione carceraria si risolve, nel caso concreto, in un fatto contrario al senso di umanità. Laura Baccaro Carcere e salute Sapere Edizioni È il dolore del se relazionale che con la reclusione viene amputato e sottoposto a torsione E, a ben vedere, quella catena di sintomi è la modalità creativa che il recluso, al momento, intravede: Una cura estenuante, come una danza senza fine che il farmaco aumenta anziché lenire.

Mai, come in questo caso, è più vero il paradosso secondo cui: While the poor health status of prisoners has been highlighted in Western countries, the surveillance of their mortality has been neglected. We studied the mortality of prisoners released during from a French prison.

Vital status after release was obtained for Compared with the general population, ex-prisoners non-natural mortality rates were significantly increased both in the 15—34 and 35—54 age categories 3. Prevention and care should be reinforced in the pre-release period without waiting more epidemiological data. Promoviendo la salud para todos http: Las condiciones de sobrepoblación y hacinamiento, a veces difíciles de controlar, facilita el desarrollo de enfermedades infectocontagiosas.

El sistema de detención opera como un círculo vicioso para esta población France Strasbourg, 14 novembre La Cour a ajouté que, outre la santé du prisonnier, c'est son bien-être qui doit être assuré de manière adéquate eu égard aux exigences pratiques de l'emprisonnement La Cour est d'avis que les autorités nationales n'ont pas assuré une prise en charge de l'état de santé du requérant lui permettant d'éviter des traitements contraires à l'article 3 de la Convention.

Son maintien en détention Il a constitué une épreuve particulièrement pénible et causé une souffrance allant au-delà de celle que comportent inévitablement une peine d'emprisonnement et un traitement anticancéreux. La Cour conclut en l'espèce à un traitement inhumain et dégradant en raison du maintien en détention dans les conditions examinées ci-devant. Partant, il y a eu violation de l'article 3 de la Convention.

Diritto alla salute e trattamenti sanitari da M. Jacques Baillargeon, Sandra A. Luke Birmingham Doctors working in prisons. The Prison Service has struggled to cope with the huge healthcare burden imposed by sick prisoners, particularly those with problems related to mental health and substance misuse, and it has been repeatedly criticised for providing inferior health care. Previous reports focusing on doctors working in prisons found that recruitment was a real problem, prison doctors were inadequately trained, and they were working beyond the limits of their ability.

A Report to Congress, Volume 2 www. Coupled with the expanding inmate population, these high rates of disease create a critical need for preventing, screening, and treating illness before inmates are released into the community. As a result, USincarceration policies and programs have a disproportionate impact on urban communities, especially black and Latino ones.

Health conditions that are overrepresented in incarcerated populations include substance abuse, human immunodeficiency virus HIV and other infectious diseases, perpetration and victimization by violence, mental illness, chronic disease, and reproductive health problems.

Correctional systems have direct and indirect effects on health. Indirectly, they influence family structure, economic opportunities, political participation, and normative community values on sex, drugs, and violence. Current correctional policies also divert resources from other social needs.

Correctional systems can have a direct effect on the health of urban populations by offering health care and health promotion in jails and prisons, by linking inmates to community services after release, and by assisting in the process of community reintegration. Specific recommendations for action and research to reduce the adverse health and social consequences of current incarceration policies are offered.

Journal of Urban Health Correctional facilities are important settings for interventions because here a population that bears a disproportionately heavy burden of disease and that is disproportionately affected by related risk behaviors may be efficiently reached with interventions El control de la tubercolosis en prisiones. Manual para directores de programas. La salud se ve amenazada en ambientes de pobreza, conflicto, discriminación y desinterés. La prisión es un ambiente que concentra precisamente estos problemas.

La tuberculosis TB es una causa importante de enfermedad y muerte en las prisiones, junto con el VIH-1, la desnutrición, las enfermedades mentales y la violencia.

Ministro della Sanità - Ministro della Giustizia. Approvazione del progetto obiettivo per la tutela della salute in ambito penitenziario. Decreto ministeriale 21 aprile - Gazzetta Ufficiale 25 maggio , n.

Chemical Restraints and the Female Inmate J. Spieglman's study of medical and psychiatric care in prison documented the common practice of "chemical pacification" with Thorazine in a California prison In Life Without Parole: Living in Prison Today, an insightful memoir, author Victor Hassine devotes a chapter to the practice of drugging inmates in both prisons and jails.

Hassine asserts that the number of inmates "doing the brake-fluid shuffle" has risen in response to facility overcrowding Giuseppina Cersosimo, Raffaele Rauty Riflessioni sul controllo sociale: È concentrandosi sulle differenti manifestazioni del corpo al fine di identificarle, organizzarle in insiemi più vasti, reperirne i meccanismi e svelarne le diverse cause, che la medicina ha costruito il suo oggetto: Richard Lichtenstein - Annette Rykwalder.

Licensed Physicians Who Work in Prisons: The population of prison physicians comprised two major groups-those who worked in prisons full time and those who worked in them part time. Part-time physicians, who represented the majority of physicians involved in prison work 58 percent , were found to resemble closely the typical physician in the United States; they were predominantly trained in America, specialized, and board certified.

In contrast, full-time prison physicians, who accounted for 73 percent of the total hours physicians spent working in prisons, differed significantly from the typical U. They were older, less specialized, less likely to be board certified, and more likely to be graduates of non-U. The physicians shall not countenance, condone or partecipate in the practice of torture or other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading procedures, whatever the offense of which the victim of such procedures is suspected, accused or guilty, and whatever the victim's beliefs or motivies, and in all situations, including armed conflict and civil strife.

France, Strasbourg, 6 avril ECHR Press Release, The requirement to undergo sterilisation or treatment involving a very high probability of sterility in order to change the entries on birth certificates was in breach of the right to respect for private life, As society becomes more sensitive to the needs of transgender people, prisons are being forced to acknowledge their existence and unique needs and vulnerabilities as well.

This review of the current status of the rights of transgender inmates reveals that state corrections departments still have a long way to go. Access to medical care varies dramatically among the 50 states, an unacceptable situation when the Constitution is supposed to apply with equal effect across the country. EpaC - Simspe Enehide. Prevenzione dell'epatite C negli Istituti detentivi.

Progetto pilota di informazione, educazione e prevenzione dell'epatite C realizzato nella Casa circondariale di Viterbo EpaC onlus, maggio Il tema della salute in carcere è di sicuro interesse quando si parla di Sanità Pubblica poichè gli Istituti Penitenziari costituiscono purtroppo un potenziale serbatoio di infezione per le malattie trasmissibili quali: Considerando una popolazione detenuta di Agenzia regionale di sanità della Toscana La salute dei detenuti in Toscana a 10 anni dalla riforma.

I risultati della IV rilevazione del serie In cifre - N. Sono stati messi in evidenza aspetti rilevanti per la salute: Zauli Sajani Agenzia sanitaria e sociale regionale Emilia-Romagna La presa in carico del paziente affetto da patologie complesse negli Istituti penitenziari. Profili epidemiologici e contesto ambientale http: Una storia di tossicodipendenza riguarda un detenuto su quattro, per lo più da abuso di cocaina Alessandro Attilio Negroni Trattamenti sanitari obbligatori e tutela della salute individuale e collettiva www.

Salute individuale, salute collettiva e legittimità costituzionale di un trattamento sanitario obbligatorio - 4. Il pericolo per la salute della collettività come condizione di legittimità di un trattamento sanitario obbligatorio - 5.

La salute individuale come condizione di legittimità di un trattamento sanitario obbligatorio - 6. Il rapporto tra salute individuale e salute della collettività. Lindsay Helen Dewa Insomnia in a prison population: A mixed methods study University of Manchester PhD , One study found hypnotic and anxiolytic prescriptions in both men and women were significantly more likely in prison 6. In the same study, in addition to hypnotic and anxiolytics, the antidepressant mirtazapine was found to be a particularly commonly prescribed drug in prison in comparison to the community Research suggests confinement lessens natural light which is key to maintaining the natural circadian rhythm.

Therefore, the effect of restrictive regimes on circadian disruption and sleep architecture is important to study in the future. Future research looking at the sleep-wake cycle and sleep typology in prisoners would also add to the sleep-prison literature.

Seul es des études transversales nationales ponctuelles ont été réalisées La tutela del diritto alla salute a livello normativo. Il diritto al contraddittorio nel procedimento de libertate. Criteri di compatibilità dello stato detentivo con il diritto alla salute. Antonella Massaro ed La tutela della salute nei luoghi di detenzione.

La salute, anzi, svolge una funzione di limite in ogni situazione di restrizione della libertà personale, come si ricava dalla lettura congiunta degli artt. Maria Vittoria Arpaia Agorà Penitenziaria. Una nuova visione della salute in carcere L'Opinione, 20 settembre Swartz, Ruoqing Zhu, Joseph P.

In these circumstances, detained individuals can receive treatment only for life-threatening conditions — not for routine psychiatric care. Ministero della Salute - Ccm Centro nazionale per la prevenzione e il controllo delle malattie Relazione al Parlamento su alcol e problemi alcol correlati, anno www.

Eva Mariucci Detenzione cautelare e stato di salute particolarmente grave: Margaret Noonan, Ingrid A. The DICRA required local jails, state prisons, and state, and local law enforcement agencies to report information on the circumstances of each death occurring while offenders were in custody or of persons in the process of arrest to the Department of Justice.

Conseil de l'Europe - Assemblée parlementaire Le sort des détenus gravement malades en Europe Résolution Recommandation http: Harm Reduction International Submission: Marta Caredda La salute e il carcere. Alcune riflessioni sulle risposte ai bisogni di salute della popolazione detenuta www. Presidenza del Consiglio dei ministri.

Julianne Holt-Lunstad, Timothy B. The included studies provided quantitative data on mortality as affected by loneliness, social isolation, or living alone Overall, the influence of both objective and subjective social isolation on risk for mortality is comparable with well-established risk factors for mortality.

Soins en milieu carcéral www. Andres Lehtmets, Jörg Pont Prison health care and medical ethics. Obliging prisoners to stay in an establishment where they cannot receive appropriate treatment due to lack of suitable facilities, or because such facilities refuse to admit them, is unacceptable.

Chris Ford, Fergus Law Guidance for the use and reduction of misuse of benzodiazepines and other hypnotics and anxiolytics in general practice www. Institut de veille sanitaire, juin Data result from sparse studies with important methodological limits, but their presence and complications are undeniable in prison. Most of these prisoners are from poor and vulnerable communities. Prisons are not healthy places.

Communicable diseases are frequently transmitted among prisoners, and the rates of HIV, hepatitis and tuberculosis are much higher among them than in the general population.

There is also a high prevalence of mental health problems, including substance abuse disorders, and a higher prevalence of non communicable diseases. Unhealthy conditions such as overcrowding and poor hygiene are common in many prisons. Prison health is part of public health and prisons are part of our society. One third of prisoners leave prison every year and the interaction between prisons and society is huge.

Prima Pagina News Congresso Simspe: Déclare la requête recevable ; 2. Antonio Crispino Malati gravi lasciati morire in carcere. Morti in attesa di una cura o di poter fare ulteriori accertamenti. Mesi trascorsi chiedendosi l'origine di quei malori o sperando di iniziare la chemioterapia per fermare l'avanzata di un tumore. Giorni passati nell'impossibilità di fare qualcosa sapendo che quotidianamente la malattia ti consuma.

O arriverà, beffardo, a morte ormai sopraggiunta. Ai parenti sempre una sola risposta: Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia such as agitation, aggression, paranoia, delusions, self-neglect and incontinence can commonly occur at some point in the course of dementia and provide challenges for their carers. David Orenstein Experts call for prison health improvements http: In fact, the illness of addiction is what lands many people in prison in the first place. A policy brief on the organization of prison health www.

Prisons are closely linked to communities. Prisoners go on leave, receive visitors and sometimes attend outside work placements or health care facilities. The vast majority of prisoners will eventually leave prison and reintegrate into society. Prison personnel constantly oscillate between prisons and their communities. Thus, prisons also affect public health in the wider community La Corte esplicita questo limite: Tutela multilivello nei sistemi giurisdizionali nazionale, internazionale e sovranazionale Università degli Studi di Catania, Nel e nel la Corte ha emesso nei confronti del nostro Paese tre sentenze in tema di salute.

Chaitra Gopalappa, Ya-Lin A. Comitato Nazionale per la Bioetica La salute dentro le mura 27 settembre pubblicato 11 ottobre 1 Salute in carcere e diritti umani: Un'indagine sulla sanità penitenziaria in Emilia-Romagna Università di Bologna, Professional standards, first and foremost — what is the community practice?

Population needs and behaviours, as they may impact prescribing practices, including compliance and diversion of medications — within the prison, from the community into the prison, and from the prison into the community. News Sanità Penitenziaria Veneto - luglio www. It is also well-documented that poor health literacy is associated with frequent hospitalizations, high health care costs, poor health outcomes and premature deaths.

Tali pubblicazioni che contengono una dettagliata analisi epidemiologica, sociale ed economica delle epatopatie in Europa, evidenziano il triste primato del nostro Paese in termini di numero di soggetti HCV positivi e di mortalità per tumore primitivo del fegato HCC. Update to December www. Under the statute, the request can be based on either medical or non-medical conditions that could not reasonably have been foreseen by the judge at the time of sentencing Arianna Giunti Malati di carcere.

Proteggere il welfare per salvare l'economia il Sole 24ore, 12 maggio I tagli alla sanità pubblica costituiscono un pericolo per la salute dell'uomo, ma anche per lo sviluppo del sistema economico, con l'infausta conseguenza del passaggio dalla crisi economica a una devastante crisi sociale.

Anna Il sistema di valutazione della salute in carcere - Bologna, 30 maggio It is thus imperative that the two disciplines collaborate and learn from each other, not just in matters that pertain to the incarcerated population, but at all levels, with one aim in mind: This is justice, and we should do everything in our power to restore and maintain it.

Catia Ferrieri Carcere e Disabilità: Carcere, chi sono e come vivono i detenuti disabili ristretti nelle carceri italiane Redattore Sociale, 9 maggio Ricerca di Catia Ferrieri Università Perugia sulle condizioni dei detenuti disabili e dei reparti che li accolgono. Italia - Ricorso n. La Corte osserva che il ricorrente ha chiesto più volte che la sua pena fosse sospesa per ragioni mediche. Tuttavia, né i medici, né i giudici che si sono occupati del caso del ricorrente hanno concluso che lo stato di salute di quest'ultimo fosse incompatibile con la detenzione ordinaria, affermando al contrario che le cure necessarie possono essere somministrate in ambiente carcerario a contrario, Scoppola c.

ASSM L'intervention de médecins lors de mesures de contrainte policières appliquées notamment à des personnes refoulées hors du pays suscite de nombreuses interrogations dans l'opinion publique. Conférence des directrices et directeurs des départements cantonaux de justice et police Office fédéral de la Justice Office fédéral de la santé publique - Suisse Recommandations pour une harmonisation des soins dans les institutions pénitentiaires suisses Projet Lutte contre les maladies infectieuses en prison BIG Adopté par le comité de pilotage du projet BIG le 18 janvier Le projet BIG poursuit les objectifs suivants: Comitato Interministeriale per la Programmazione Economica Fondo sanitario nazionale - Ripartizione tra le regioni della quota destinata al finanziamento della sanità penitenziaria.

Oral Disease Risk Management Protocols www. At the end of in the United States, prisoners were on parole or release following a prison term,15 and in England and Wales 20 offenders were released from prison in the first quarter of Mortality from suicide and drug-related causes has been reported to be particularly high in the immediate postrelease period, and, thus, public health interventions to target this period for those with a history of substance misuse have been outlined Italia N o 4 Strasburgo 17 luglio Il ricorrente è nato nel , ha settantadue anni ed è affetto da patologie cardiache e metaboliche, da diabete, soffre di un indebolimento della sua massa muscolare aggravata da una frattura del femore subita nel , di ipertrofia prostatica e di depressione.

Donatella Barus Fondazione Veronesi Dalle carceri italiane è evasa la salute www. Cheliotis Suffering at the hands of the state: Conditions of imprisonment and prisoner health in contemporary Greece European Journal of Criminology 9 1 3—22 With imprisonment rates rising in a large number of jurisdictions worldwide, ever more research attention has been paid to conditions of imprisonment and prisoner health.

With a view to contributing to the emerging body of literature, this article offers a systematic summary of key findings from Greece. Prison establishments in this country are vastly overcrowded and material conditions of detainment are deplorable. Prisoner use of prescribed and illicit drugs is alarmingly common, especially as regards injection drugs, and drug overdose appears to account for the majority of deaths in custody.

We should also view correctional health care as a platform for leveraging significant changes in community well-being. We should set as a goal that every person in our care is treated as a patient first, with the same expectations of quality care and probability of recovery, as if that individual came into a primary care practice on the outside Cheliotis Suffering at the Hands of the State Conditions of Imprisonment and Prisoner Health in Contemporary Greece European Journal of Criminology 9 1 3—22 Against the background of an immense growth in the use of imprisonment in Greece over the last three decades or so, it is shown that prison establishments are greatly overcrowded and material conditions of detention are deplorable.

RCGP Secure Environments Group Nottinghamshire Healthcare, November This guidance is written to assist clinicians working in prisons but it also has relevance for clinicians working in other secure environments.

It will be of use to prescribers working in the community whose patients regularly have periods in custody or when a patient is expecting a custodial sentence.

Community clinicians should be aware of important prescribing issues in the prison system when patients enter custody. Other clinicians who may find the guidance a useful reference are: A pilot study Probation Journal 59 2 The current study investigated the feasibility of implementing a week mindfulnessbased intervention with a group of incarcerated adolescents. Before and after completion of the week intervention, 32 participants filled out self-report questionnaires on trait mindfulness, self-regulation, and perceived stress.

We hypothesized that selfreported mindfulness and self-regulation would significantly increase, and perceived stress would significantly decrease, as a result of participation in the treatment intervention. Although inmates generally suffer from worse health than comparable, non-institutionalized adults, this comparison is not uniformly the case, and some of the strongest negative effects of incarceration emerge after release, suggesting that the struggles of reintegration into society are as important as the conditions of incarceration.

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Results indicated that older and more educated officers reported increased levels of personal accomplishment, whereas less experienced officers and officers with increasing job responsibilities experienced increased levels of depersonalization and emotional exhaustion and decreased levels of personal accomplishment. Questa funzionalità è riservata ai membri collegati. There is, however, limited evidence of the effectiveness of screening tools in prison populations, with alcohol problems often subsumed into wider substance misuse video hard francais agence d escorte with heterogeneity across studies. Enfin, ce rapport fait des préconisations visant à francaise lesbienne escort girl geneve ce dispositif et améliorer son fonctionnement dans un souci de meilleure réponse aux besoins des personnes détenues, et de plus grande efficience. Comorbidity and patient capacities matter little Mortality from suicide and drug-related causes has been reported to be particularly high in the immediate postrelease period, and, thus, public health interventions to target this period for those with a history of substance misuse have been outlined Reducing these social inequalities in health, and thus meeting human needs, is an issue of social justice. It prevents the spread of diseases and promotes health through awareness of what everyone can do to help maintain their own health and well-being and that of. Sexually Transmitted Disease Treatment Tables www. Health conditions that are overrepresented in incarcerated populations include substance abuse, human immunodeficiency virus HIV and other infectious diseases, perpetration and victimization by violence, mental illness, chronic disease, and reproductive health problems.

Like Pareri 7 Scrivete un parere Segnalare il profilo. J'ai été gâté par la miss pendant une heure et je peux dire que j'aimerais bien répéter cette expérience tous les jours!

Mon dieu , tu veux vraiment du rêve, j'ai envie de te revoir au plus vite! J'ai encore des surprises pour toi..! Le contact est facile, elle parle bien l'anglais; on a démarré dans la douche, j'etais deja tendu comme un arc, le reste fut asset infense.

Elle sait bien y faire, très bon service. Leggere i seguenti pareri. Fraîcheur agréable, un corps ferme et doux au toucher, des formes qui m'ont fait du bien aux yeux Likes fan s amano il vostro profilo. Like Pareri 7 Scrivete un parere Segnalare il profilo. Une très belle rencontre, je reviendrai. Aucune prise de tête. Leggere i seguenti pareri. Dividere per Email Dividere per WhatsApp. Mental disorders and infectious diseases are more common in prisoners than in the general population.

High rates of suicide within prison and increased mortality from all causes on release have been documented in many countries. The contribution of prisons to illness is unknown, although shortcomings in treatment and aftercare provision contribute to adverse outcomes.

Research has highlighted that women, prisoners aged 55 years and older, and juveniles present with higher rates of many disorders than do other prisoners. While treatment of sex offenders is complex, treatment of those in prison seems to be more challenging. This publication presents major considerations and dilemmas, clinical as well as ethics-related, derived from the experience of the psychiatric division in the Israeli prison service in treating sex offenders in this special setting.

The psychiatrist treating the incarcerated offender must always maintain a sensitive balance between the needs and wishes of his patient and the potential threat to society stemming from recidivism. Though smoking is commonplace in prisons, most prisoners recognize the risks involved and wish to quit. This creates an ideal setting for intervention. Evidence-based cessation assistance should be made freely available to all incarcerated smokers.

Ai malati gravi va evitata la prigione, anche se la patologia è compatibile con la detenzione e con le possibilità di cura fornite dalla struttura carceraria. La Corte di cassazione afferma la priorità della tutela della salute dei detenuti e invita i giudici a scegliere le misure alternative al carcere anche quando il tipo di reato non le contempla In tema di differimento facoltativo dell'esecuzione della pena, è contraria al senso di umanità la detenzione di un soggetto prossimo a compiere 78 anni affetto da patologie ad andamento cronico progressivo, quali l'encefalopatia multinfartuale con progressivo deterioramento cognitivo, la cardiopatia fibrillante ed il diabete mellito, che gli impediscano di percepire il senso stesso della detenzione, sia nel suo profilo retributivo che in quello risocializzante.

Annulla con rinvio, Trib. Bari, 02 febbraio Alcione Cavalheiro Faro Stief et al. International studies show that the overall HBV infection ranges from 1. Studies conducted with prisoners in Brazil determined HBV seroprevalence ranging from This population is considered to be at high risk of HBV infection due to the prison lifestyle, including illicit drug use, unsafe sex with multiple sexual partners, homosexuality and tattooing.

In addition, the prison inmates are characterized by pervasive social health problems, illegal behavior and limited educational opportunities. Paar, and Michael F. Given the rapid growth and aging of the US prison population in recent years, the disease profile and health care needs of inmates portend to have far-reaching public health implications.

Although numerous studies have examined infectious disease prevalence and treatment in incarcerated populations, little is known about the prevalence of non-infectious chronic medical conditions in US prison populations. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of selected non-infectious chronic medical conditions among inmates in the Texas prison system.

This article highlights the effects of prisons in mediating the risk of hepatitis C virus and tuberculosis infections, as well as feasible interventions and policy approaches for limiting the deleterious consequences prisons exert on the transmission and clinical courses of these diseases.

The absolute prevalence of chronic medical conditions among inmates seems high. Inmates were tested for anti-HCV antibodies and viremia, and interviewed about demographic and behavioral risk factors for transmission.

Ninety-four incident HCV cases were identified incidence High rates of new HCV infection were found in this prisoner cohort reflecting their substantive risk behavior profile, despite having remained uninfected for many years.

The association with MMT is challenging and highlights the need for better understanding of prison-specific HCV transmission risks, as well as the uptake and effectiveness of prevention programs.

Epilepsy Action Registered as a Charity No. Medicine and the Epidemic of Incarceration in the United States. N Engl J Med.

Deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill over the past 50 years and severe punishment for drug users starting in the s have shifted the burden of care for addiction and mental illness to jails and prisons. The largest facilities housing psychiatric patients in the United States are not hospitals but jails. Prisoner Health and Human Rights: Gamble found that not providing community standard of care constituted cruel and unusual punishment.

An estimated 50, people are released from prison each year in Australia. This means that the health of prisoners has a significant impact on the health of the wider community, yet until now very little was known about the health of prisoners nationally. In response to the paucity of national data in the prisoner health area, the Prisoner Health Information Group led by the AIHW has been working for several years to develop a set of indicators and data collection that will allow us to monitor the health of prisoners and their access to services over time.

Conferenza Unificata Stato Regioni. PCTs aspired to ensure that those in prison receive the same access to healthcare as everyone else, and generally believed that they achieved or exceeded this, particularly in the case of primary care. Correcting gender inequity in prison health World Health Organization Sociedad Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria S.

Ministerio del Interior Documento de consenso para el control de la tuberculosis en las prisiones españolas http: Esto es así también en el caso de la tuberculosis. Dado que la permeabilidad entre la población penitenciaria y la población general es elevada, un buen control de la TB en los Centros Penitenciarios beneficia a todos. Esta ha sido siempre la visión tanto de las autoridades de las Instituciones Penitenciarias españolas como de la Sociedad Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria.

Les personnes incarcérées ayant reçu au moins une prescription sont en moyenne plus âgés que les autres. Forty pre-release participants were men and 23 were women. Ages ranged between 18 and 56 with a mean age of 34 years. Post-release participants comprised 17 men and nine women with a mean age of Fourteen adolescent and adult family members participated in nine of the 26 post-release interviews.

This resulted in a multi-generational account of the effects of imprisonment. Interviews ranged between 45 minutes and two hours. Minimal standards of living conditions and access to health care for prisoners are often inadequate, if not totally inexistent.

Prisons and jails in even the richest and most developed countries are still plagued by severe overcrowding, decaying physical infrastructure, a lack of medical care, security abuses and corruption, and prisoner-on-prisoner violence. Rates of infection with regards to tuberculosis, HIV and hepatitis are much higher than in the general population, and chronic diseases, especially psychiatric conditions, are often neglected. These trends are important for a number of reasons, not the least of which is that this population presents multiple needs for services, including employment, housing, and social services.

Cheliotis The hunger strikes in Greek prisons and their aftermath Lo squaderno Il sistema carcerario greco è stato scosso alle radici nel novembre Per 18 giorni consecutivi circa 6. Andrea Franceschini La medicina penitenziaria.

La tossicodipendenza è spesso associata a Aids, epatite C e disturbi mentali. Giusto Giusti Incompatibilità carceraria http: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Guía para el control de la tuberculosis en poblaciones privadas de libertad de América Latina y el Caribe Washington, D.

OPS, En general, los problemas sanitarios que se encuentran en los centros penitenciarios de América Latina se deben a: La coordinación y organización entre el ministerio de salud y el ministerio o la instancia encargada de la administración del sistema penitenciario se dificulta debido a los siguientes factores, compartidos por ambas instancias Jeff Mellow, Steven K.

A sample of 40, inmates 80 percent was geocoded and analyzed. The sample was selected based on the following criteria: Progetto gestione sanitaria Afis - Nuova Matricola Cartella sanitaria del detenuto marzo DPCM di attuazione dell'art. Decreto del Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri - testo 1 aprile Decreto del Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri scheda sintetica.

A WHO guide to the essentials in prison health. The phrase health promoting prison is used to cover the prisons in which: Good prison health creates considerable benefits. It prevents the spread of diseases and promotes health through awareness of what everyone can do to help maintain their own health and well-being and that of others.

In addition, however, it can help to improve the health status of communities, thus contributing to health for all Ethical Values and Legal Regulation http: They are put under the care of the state and the state is mandated by the Eighth Amendment to provide them with adequate health and mental health care. These systemic failures lead to real human suffering and pain and, at times, to death Bick Infection Control in Jails and Prisons http: The probability of transmission of potentially pathogenic organisms is increased by crowding, delays in medical evaluation and treatment, rationed access to soap, water, and clean laundry, insufficient infection-control expertise, and prohibitions against the use of proven harmreduction tools, such as condoms and sterile needle exchange.

The abrupt transfer of inmates from one location to another further complicates the diagnosis of infection, interruption of transmission, recognition of an outbreak, performance of a contact investigation, and eradication of disease. This handbook is a summary of the ideas and experiences discussed during the approximately ten years of regular meetings of the diabetes support group at Great Meadow Correctional Facility in Comstock, NY.

Many people contributed to this handbook. The most important contributors are the past and present group participants. Prisoners at Great Meadow joined the group for various reasons. Some had diabetes themselves and wanted to learn more about how to take care of themselves.

Through their willingness to share their stories, concerns, and lessons learned, they taught us a lot about how to live with diabetes in very diffi cult circumstances Cecchini] Roma, 2 Ottobre La salute delle carceri, è un problema di Salute pubblica. Basta un dato per far capire la drammaticità della situazione e quanto sia presente nelle pieghe della Società: Sovraffollamento, scarse attenzioni alle basilari norme igieniche di prevenzione ed enormi difficoltà nelle cure fanno il resto.

La detenzione media è, in genere, di giorni. Con i pochi mezzi a disposizione non riusciamo neanche a impostare non dico una terapia ma neanche una proposta terapeutica. E, una volta usciti, di molti si perdono le tracce. Senza esserne nemmeno consapevoli gli ex detenuti alimentano le epidemie tra la popolazione generale.

Si aggiungerebbe discriminazione a discriminazione. Quello che si deve fare è intervenire a monte, mettendo in condizioni il personale sanitario che opera nelle carceri di fare una buona diagnosi prima e una buona terapia poi. Corpo e malattia in carcere Università di Bologna E' il carcere in sé che fa ammalare; sono gli effetti del suo ambiente che intervengono fatalmente sulla persona reclusa.

Quanto è risaputo, nel senso comune, che la prigione causa una sofferenza anche fisica incalcolabile? O sarà forse che in fondo, i condannati devono soffrire, come parte irrinunciabile della pena che spetta loro? Catia Ferrieri, Chiara Crisci Osservatorio sulla Corte Europea dei diritti dell'uomo in tema di diritto alla salute del detenuto: Se si conviene come giusto che sia, come un diritto assoluto, intangibile della persona, si nota come a cascata né discendano plurimi principi: The New England Journal of Medicine, January 11, Of 30, released inmates, died during a mean follow-up period of 1.

The overall mortality rate was deaths per , person-years. The adjusted risk of death among former inmates was 3. During the first 2 weeks after release, the risk of death among former inmates was The leading causes of death among former inmates were drug overdose, cardiovascular disease, homicide, and suicide. Hayward Tuberculosis in London: High levels of infectious and drug resistant disease, poor adherence and loss to follow-up care indicate that TB is not effectively controlled among homeless people, prisoners and problem drug users in London.

Bernice Simone Elger Insomnia in places of detention: This paper provides a brief overview of what is known about insomnia and its treatment from studies on non-detained patients and discusses the relevance of the findings from studies in liberty for prison health care. The clinical and ethical issues of insomnia in prison are described, followed by a summary of the existing studies on insomnia in prison.

The results of the reported studies show that insomnia in places of detention should not be reduced to a secondary problem related to substance abuse and mental illness, as it appears to be an independent situational problem. Correctional health care physicians' evaluation of insomnia is insufficient. Drug prescription works well in some patients, but has a limited effect on insomnia relief in others.

A clear need exists for the education of prison health care professionals on insomnia evaluation and management. Additional non-pharmacological treatment in the prison health care setting should be used more frequently. Prison health care services should develop clear guidelines based on research evidence about insomnia and which contain treatment recommendations based [ Nick de Viggiani Unhealthy prisons: Prison health may therefore be better understood with greater insight into how people respond to imprisonment — the psychological pressures of incarceration, the social world of prison, being dislocated from society, and the impact of the institution itself with its regime and architecture.

L'esecuzione della pena detentiva e la ricostruzione sistematica della nozione di gravità delle condizioni del detenuto. Rassegna penitenziaria e criminologica, n. Paul Hayton, John Boyington. Previously it was characterized by overmedicalization, difficulties in staff recruitment, and a lack of professional development for staff.

As a result of this reorganization, funding has improved and services now relate more to assessed health need. There is early but limited evidence that some standards of care and patient outcomes have improved. The reforms address a human rights issue: We consider learning points for other countries which may be contemplating prison health reform, particularly those with a universal health care system.

Mais plusieurs catégories de détenus posent des problèmes particuliers qui nécessitent des efforts spécifiques de prise en charge La prison est de plus en plus un lieu confronté à la maladie mentale. La prison est aussi cause de maladie et de mort: Local law may require medical monitoring of the hunger strike and the status of a particular hunger striker can also influence the attention given to that person.

Physicians may have to balance objective medical observations with pragmatic face-saving situations, in order to buy time for essential negotiations to produce results.

They must avoid pandering to any particular interest group by giving medical information or advice that is scientifically questionable or inaccurate. Seena Fazel, Ram Benning. Natural deaths in male prisoners: Although morbidity is high in prisoners compared with the general population, uncertainty exists over rates for natural causes of death.

We investigated natural deaths in prisons in England and Wales over a year period. All men who died in English and Welsh prisons from — were identified. All deaths received a post-mortem. Death certificates were obtained to provide mortality information according to ICD There are important methodological challenges in calculating SMRs in prisoners. Bearing these in mind, we found increased mortality ratios for respiratory pneumonia and other infections. These findings highlight the need for the screening and effective treatment of infectious diseases in prisoners.

The human right to the highest attainable standard of health: Both are animated by the well-being of individuals and populations. In both communities, many have a particular preoccupation with discrimination and disadvantage. While human rights violations often lead to higher morbidity and mortality, health programmes have a crucial contribution to make towards the realization of human rights.

Increasingly, health and human rights professionals are recognizing their common interests and mutually reinforcing goals. In his report to Congress in the rates were unchanged and half of the prison mortalities were attributed to tuberculosis. One hundred years later and despite the widespread availability of modern diagnostics, knowledge about containment, and multi-drug regimens for communicable disease some American prisons remain incubators of this same scourge.

Too little attention is being paid to inmates as public health sentinels. Too little attention is paid to preventing, diagnosing, and treating conditions that can poison life for families and members of the free-world society.

Rick Lines From equivalence of standards to equivalence of objectives: The entitlement of prisoners to health care standards higher than those outside prisons International Journal of Prisoner Health, December ; 2 4: The article argues it is time to move beyond the concept of equivalent standards of health care, and instead promote standards that achieve equivalent objectives.

In some circumstances, meeting this new standard will require that the scope and accessibility of prison health services are higher than that outside of prisons. L'esecuzione della pena detentiva e la ricostruzione sistematica della nozione di gravità delle condizioni di salute del detenuto Rassegna Penitenziaria e Criminologica, Numero 3 - Il carcere come salubre fabbrica della malattia Rassegna Penitenziaria e Criminologica, Numero 1 - Prison public health is becoming increasingly important to our society as growing numbers of men and women are incarcerated and later released.

Numerous studies indicate that the prison population has a higher risk of certain infectious diseases and a higher rate of mental illness than the general population. Two community leaders, Dr Melanie Spector in the area of public health and Judge Steven Leifman in the judicial system, have addressed the vital issues of womens health and mental illness, respectively.

Their efforts have had a positive impact both on prisoners themselves and on the overall health of their communities. Many other visits concerned common problems that in other circumstances would not require any physician intervention. The most probable explanations for the substantial use of primary care in prison are the health status many similarities noted between health problems at the admission and reasons for consultations during the prison term: Michael Marmot Social determinants of health inequalities www.

There is no necessary biological reason why life expectancy should be 48 years longer in Japan than in Sierra Leone or 20 years shorter in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples than in other Australians. Reducing these social inequalities in health, and thus meeting human needs, is an issue of social justice. The prison population is increasing and the health problems of prisoners are considerable.

Prison is designed with punishment, correction and rehabilitation to the community in mind and these goals may conflict with the aims of health care. A literature review showed that the main issues in prison health care are mental health, substance abuse and communicable diseases.

Women prisoners and older prisoners have needs which are distinct from other prisoners. Health promotion and the health of the community outside prisons are desirable aims of prison health care. The delivery of effective health care to prisoners is dependent upon partnership between health and prison services and telemedicine is one possible mode of delivery.

While a host of professional ethical codes would support involvement in the debate over the detentions, one need go no further than the Declaration of Professional Responsibility: Ministère de la santé et de la protection sociale Ministère de la justice Guide methodogique relatif a la prise en charge sanitaire des personnes detenues www.

Jennifer Prah Ruger Ethics of the social determinants of health www. Etat des lieux national www. Pour mieux connaître la situation et faire face à ces problèmes, des études épidémiologiques ont été menées.

Nous ferons état dans ce document de divers travaux menés depuis 10 ans sur la santé des détenus Global Assessment Programme on Drug Abuse www.

Ethical challenges in drug epidemiology: The main objectives of GAP are to help countries to a collect reliable and internationally comparable data on drug abuse; b build capacity at the local level to collect data that can guide demand reduction activities; and c improve cross-national, regional and global reporting on drug trends.

Tribunale di Sorveglianza di Torino Dott. Paolo Gibelli, Presidente Dott. Fabio Fiorentin, Giudice di Sorveglianza. Ordinanza 13 gennaio [ Alternativa tra differimento della pena e detenzione domiciliare Nel caso in esame, le obiettive conseguenze invalidanti delle patologie che interessano il detenuto ne comprimono irrimediabilmente la possibilità di percepire il contenuto rieducativo della pena nonché di partecipare alle attività trattamentali proposte dagli educatori, di tal che, nella fattispecie, la finalità di reinserimento sociale della pena appare del tutto compromessa.

Conseguentemente la prosecuzione della detenzione carceraria si risolve, nel caso concreto, in un fatto contrario al senso di umanità. Laura Baccaro Carcere e salute Sapere Edizioni È il dolore del se relazionale che con la reclusione viene amputato e sottoposto a torsione E, a ben vedere, quella catena di sintomi è la modalità creativa che il recluso, al momento, intravede: Una cura estenuante, come una danza senza fine che il farmaco aumenta anziché lenire.

Mai, come in questo caso, è più vero il paradosso secondo cui: While the poor health status of prisoners has been highlighted in Western countries, the surveillance of their mortality has been neglected.

We studied the mortality of prisoners released during from a French prison. Vital status after release was obtained for Compared with the general population, ex-prisoners non-natural mortality rates were significantly increased both in the 15—34 and 35—54 age categories 3.

Prevention and care should be reinforced in the pre-release period without waiting more epidemiological data. Promoviendo la salud para todos http: Las condiciones de sobrepoblación y hacinamiento, a veces difíciles de controlar, facilita el desarrollo de enfermedades infectocontagiosas. El sistema de detención opera como un círculo vicioso para esta población France Strasbourg, 14 novembre La Cour a ajouté que, outre la santé du prisonnier, c'est son bien-être qui doit être assuré de manière adéquate eu égard aux exigences pratiques de l'emprisonnement La Cour est d'avis que les autorités nationales n'ont pas assuré une prise en charge de l'état de santé du requérant lui permettant d'éviter des traitements contraires à l'article 3 de la Convention.

Son maintien en détention Il a constitué une épreuve particulièrement pénible et causé une souffrance allant au-delà de celle que comportent inévitablement une peine d'emprisonnement et un traitement anticancéreux.

La Cour conclut en l'espèce à un traitement inhumain et dégradant en raison du maintien en détention dans les conditions examinées ci-devant. Partant, il y a eu violation de l'article 3 de la Convention. Diritto alla salute e trattamenti sanitari da M. Jacques Baillargeon, Sandra A. Luke Birmingham Doctors working in prisons.

The Prison Service has struggled to cope with the huge healthcare burden imposed by sick prisoners, particularly those with problems related to mental health and substance misuse, and it has been repeatedly criticised for providing inferior health care. Previous reports focusing on doctors working in prisons found that recruitment was a real problem, prison doctors were inadequately trained, and they were working beyond the limits of their ability. A Report to Congress, Volume 2 www.

Coupled with the expanding inmate population, these high rates of disease create a critical need for preventing, screening, and treating illness before inmates are released into the community. As a result, USincarceration policies and programs have a disproportionate impact on urban communities, especially black and Latino ones. Health conditions that are overrepresented in incarcerated populations include substance abuse, human immunodeficiency virus HIV and other infectious diseases, perpetration and victimization by violence, mental illness, chronic disease, and reproductive health problems.

Correctional systems have direct and indirect effects on health. Indirectly, they influence family structure, economic opportunities, political participation, and normative community values on sex, drugs, and violence.

Current correctional policies also divert resources from other social needs. Correctional systems can have a direct effect on the health of urban populations by offering health care and health promotion in jails and prisons, by linking inmates to community services after release, and by assisting in the process of community reintegration.

Specific recommendations for action and research to reduce the adverse health and social consequences of current incarceration policies are offered. Journal of Urban Health Correctional facilities are important settings for interventions because here a population that bears a disproportionately heavy burden of disease and that is disproportionately affected by related risk behaviors may be efficiently reached with interventions El control de la tubercolosis en prisiones.

Manual para directores de programas. La salud se ve amenazada en ambientes de pobreza, conflicto, discriminación y desinterés. La prisión es un ambiente que concentra precisamente estos problemas. La tuberculosis TB es una causa importante de enfermedad y muerte en las prisiones, junto con el VIH-1, la desnutrición, las enfermedades mentales y la violencia. Ministro della Sanità - Ministro della Giustizia. Approvazione del progetto obiettivo per la tutela della salute in ambito penitenziario.

Decreto ministeriale 21 aprile - Gazzetta Ufficiale 25 maggio , n. Chemical Restraints and the Female Inmate J. Spieglman's study of medical and psychiatric care in prison documented the common practice of "chemical pacification" with Thorazine in a California prison In Life Without Parole: Living in Prison Today, an insightful memoir, author Victor Hassine devotes a chapter to the practice of drugging inmates in both prisons and jails.

Hassine asserts that the number of inmates "doing the brake-fluid shuffle" has risen in response to facility overcrowding Giuseppina Cersosimo, Raffaele Rauty Riflessioni sul controllo sociale: È concentrandosi sulle differenti manifestazioni del corpo al fine di identificarle, organizzarle in insiemi più vasti, reperirne i meccanismi e svelarne le diverse cause, che la medicina ha costruito il suo oggetto: Richard Lichtenstein - Annette Rykwalder.

Licensed Physicians Who Work in Prisons: The population of prison physicians comprised two major groups-those who worked in prisons full time and those who worked in them part time. Part-time physicians, who represented the majority of physicians involved in prison work 58 percent , were found to resemble closely the typical physician in the United States; they were predominantly trained in America, specialized, and board certified.

In contrast, full-time prison physicians, who accounted for 73 percent of the total hours physicians spent working in prisons, differed significantly from the typical U. They were older, less specialized, less likely to be board certified, and more likely to be graduates of non-U. The physicians shall not countenance, condone or partecipate in the practice of torture or other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading procedures, whatever the offense of which the victim of such procedures is suspected, accused or guilty, and whatever the victim's beliefs or motivies, and in all situations, including armed conflict and civil strife.

France, Strasbourg, 6 avril ECHR Press Release, The requirement to undergo sterilisation or treatment involving a very high probability of sterility in order to change the entries on birth certificates was in breach of the right to respect for private life, As society becomes more sensitive to the needs of transgender people, prisons are being forced to acknowledge their existence and unique needs and vulnerabilities as well.

This review of the current status of the rights of transgender inmates reveals that state corrections departments still have a long way to go. Access to medical care varies dramatically among the 50 states, an unacceptable situation when the Constitution is supposed to apply with equal effect across the country. EpaC - Simspe Enehide. Prevenzione dell'epatite C negli Istituti detentivi. Progetto pilota di informazione, educazione e prevenzione dell'epatite C realizzato nella Casa circondariale di Viterbo EpaC onlus, maggio Il tema della salute in carcere è di sicuro interesse quando si parla di Sanità Pubblica poichè gli Istituti Penitenziari costituiscono purtroppo un potenziale serbatoio di infezione per le malattie trasmissibili quali: Considerando una popolazione detenuta di Agenzia regionale di sanità della Toscana La salute dei detenuti in Toscana a 10 anni dalla riforma.

I risultati della IV rilevazione del serie In cifre - N. Sono stati messi in evidenza aspetti rilevanti per la salute: Zauli Sajani Agenzia sanitaria e sociale regionale Emilia-Romagna La presa in carico del paziente affetto da patologie complesse negli Istituti penitenziari.

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